Research

Drivers With Poor Credit Pay Twice as Much for Car Insurance — Even When Their Driving Record Is Spotless

BASED ON A NATIONAL ANALYSIS OF 61 MILLION CAR INSURANCE RATES

How does your credit score affect the price of your car insurance rates? How does that vary by state?

Intro

Most consumers know that credit plays a big role in their finances, whether they're applying for a credit card or considering a car or home loan.

What most consumers don’t realize is that, in nearly every state, credit also has a huge impact on what they pay for car insurance. In fact, dropping just one credit tier can increase a driver’s car insurance premium an average of 17% or $355 per year.

If this sounds concerning to you, you're not alone. Three states (California, Massachusetts, and Hawaii) currently ban insurers from using credit in car insurance pricing. Michigan will become the fourth once legislation passed in May 2019 goes into effect next year. 

Just how big of an impact credit has on insurance rates varies by insurer and location. Here, we review the impacts in each state — and share what consumers can do to make sure they’re getting the best rate.

If your credit drops just one level, your car insurance premium can jump 17% or more.


Key Findings

1. Drivers with poor credit pay twice as much for car insurance as those with exceptional credit

2. Most drivers are unaware that credit affects their car insurance rates

3. Data: How credit impacts drivers in every state

4. Drivers can save 17% (or $355) when they improve their credit score by one tier

5. Why credit in car insurance pricing is so controversial


Key Finding 1

U.S. Drivers With Poor Credit Pay Twice as Much for Car Insurance as Those With Exceptional Credit

The Zebra’s analysis of 61 million car insurance rates shows that drivers with poor credit (those with a credit score lower than 580) pay about $2,729 per year for car insurance. Drivers with exceptional credit (those with a credit score of 800 or higher) pay $1,308 — less than half as much. In other words, drivers with poor credit pay $1,421 more — or 109% more — each year than drivers who have exceptional credit — even if they have the exact same driving record.


Key Finding 2

Most Drivers Are Unaware That Credit Impacts Their Car Insurance Rates

As many as 95% of auto insurers use credit information to price policies (in states where it's legally permitted), and the financial impact for consumers can add up to hundreds or even thousands of dollars per year. 

Yet, consumers are often confused (or completely in the dark) about its impacts.
Only 41% of drivers surveyed by The Zebra were aware that their credit rating could change what they pay for car insurance. A closer look shows that even among the most informed demographic — drivers age 55+ — less than half (47%) knew about credit's impacts. 


Key Finding 3

How Credit Impacts Drivers in Every State

Just how big of an impact credit has on your car insurance rate depends on where you live.

In Nevada, for example, a driver with poor credit may pay 199% (or $3,100+) more for car insurance than an identical driver who has exceptional credit.

Meanwhile in North Carolina, a driver with poor credit may pay 59% (or $530) more than an identical driver who has exceptional credit.

Credit has the biggest impact on rates in Nevada, Michigan, Kentucky, Missouri, and Alabama. (Editor’s Note: Michigan lawmakers approved legislation in May 2019 to prohibit credit scores in auto insurance rating.)

 Poor (300-579)Average (580-669)Good (670-739)Excellent (740-799)Exceptional (800-850)% Difference  Exceptional to Poor
Alabama$3,058$2,369$1,874$1,485$1,141168%
Alaska$2,069$1,743$1,479$1,239$1,08291%
Arizona$2,673$2,103$1,669$1,357$1,125138%
Arkansas$2,750$2,345$1,907$1,585$1,319108%
California$1,815$1,815$1,815$1,815$1,815N/A
Colorado$3,320$2,692$2,199$1,791$1,464127%
Connecticut$2,770$2,285$1,946$1,603$1,380101%
Delaware$3,510$2,875$2,343$1,919$1,582122%
District of Columbia$3,292$2,600$1,973$1,569$1,374140%
Florida$3,979$3,246$2,640$2,159$1,806120%
Georgia$2,762$2,204$1,867$1,597$1,39598%
Hawaii$1,081$1,081$1,081$1,081$1,081N/A
Idaho$1,942$1,586$1,291$1,066$892118%
Illinois$2,321$1,865$1,526$1,274$1,083114%
Indiana$2,086$1,758$1,447$1,202$1,036101%
Iowa$1,655$1,385$1,178$1,024$89385%
Kansas$2,667$2,228$1,848$1,551$1,308104%
Kentucky$4,592$3,792$2,569$2,021$1,646179%
Louisiana$4,300$3,517$2,949$2,472$2,022113%
Maine$1,512$1,262$1,087$934$81386%
Maryland$2,356$2,029$1,652$1,380$1,21394%
Massachusetts$1,277$1,277$1,277$1,277$1,277N/A
Michigan$6,841$4,928$3,861$2,927$2,297198%
Minnesota$2,653$2,122$1,644$1,354$1,104140%
Mississippi$2,847$2,372$1,982$1,603$1,340112%
Missouri$3,282$2,536$1,937$1,506$1,201173%
Montana$2,538$1,997$1,686$1,443$1,174116%
Nebraska$2,287$1,902$1,577$1,334$1,128103%
Nevada$4,706$3,484$2,658$2,052$1,572199%
New Hampshire$1,966$1,665$1,409$1,157$958105%
New Jersey$3,136$2,574$2,163$1,769$1,442117%
New Mexico$2,398$1,982$1,658$1,401$1,195101%
New York$3,391$2,683$2,154$1,769$1,521123%
North Carolina$1,427$1,272$1,101$964$89759%
North Dakota$2,479$2,067$1,666$1,386$1,138118%
Ohio$1,934$1,581$1,323$1,091$887118%
Oklahoma$2,633$2,249$1,904$1,622$1,40388%
Oregon$2,672$2,177$1,766$1,465$1,230117%
Pennsylvania$2,611$2,182$1,786$1,466$1,219114%
Rhode Island$3,970$3,313$2,714$2,229$1,789122%
South Carolina$2,841$2,213$1,729$1,428$1,219133%
South Dakota$2,483$2,014$1,654$1,394$1,180110%
Tennessee$2,999$2,391$1,905$1,508$1,221146%
Texas$3,100$2,643$2,217$1,886$1,66087%
Utah$2,514$2,004$1,584$1,281$1,011149%
Vermont$2,280$1,821$1,427$1,137$935144%
Virginia$1,637$1,354$1,131$961$84594%
Washington$2,300$1,874$1,534$1,264$1,023125%
West Virginia$2,510$2,110$1,775$1,483$1,253100%
Wisconsin$1,947$1,613$1,337$1,116$934108%
Wyoming$1,974$1,746$1,581$1,419$1,23959%

Key Finding 4

Drivers Can Save 17% (or $355) When They Improve Their Credit Score by Just One Tier

Just like drivers can reduce their insurance rates by driving responsibly and staying accident-free, they can save money by improving their credit rating.  

How? Insurers generally give the most consideration to a driver's payment history, outstanding debt, credit history length, pursuit of new lines of credit, and credit mix, according to NAIC
 
If you’re a driver who has poor credit

If your low-to-average credit rating is driving up your insurance rates, you stand to benefit the most from improving your credit, even by a little bit. Drivers who improve their credit rating just one tier save $355 or 17% per year on average, but those going from a poor credit rating to an average credit rating save about $489 or 18% per year.

If you’re a safe driver with poor credit, you may be able to lower your insurance rate by exploring telematics- and usage-based auto insurance, which determines your premium based on how you drive.

If you’re a driver who has good credit

If you have good credit and you live in a state that allows credit-based insurance pricing, you’re in luck. 

Savings Tip: Insurers may not automatically update your information when your credit rating improves. You may get a better deal by comparing insurance quotes to find the best price. (Remember, not all insurers take credit into consideration.)


Key Finding 5

Why Is Credit So Controversial?

Though insurers have been using certain credit information in insurance pricing since the 1990s, it remains controversial. 

Consumer advocates and lawmakers have often raised concerns that credit-based pricing could unfairly penalize good drivers who suffered a financial setback or economic disadvantages. There have even been ongoing efforts to prohibit insurers from considering credit in pricing both nationally and in several states. 

However, most states still allow insurers to take credit information into account (alongside many other factors) when setting rates. That’s because insurers can show statistics indicating that drivers with poor credit are more likely to file claims (costing the insurer money) than those with good credit. Industry representatives often argue that credit helps them accurately price rates, which benefits consumers. They say that prohibiting the use of credit in insurance pricing could mean lower-risk consumers paying more to subsidize higher-risk consumers. 

How do consumers feel about it? About 40% of drivers surveyed by The Zebra thought it was unfair for insurers to adjust a driver's car insurance pricing based on their credit. 


Methodology

The Zebra’s 2019 State of Auto Insurance Report analyzed 61 million unique rates to explore pricing trends across all United States zip codes including Washington, DC. Analysis used a consistent base profile for the insured driver: a 30-year-old single male driving a 2014 Honda Accord EX with a good driving history and coverage limits of $50,000 bodily injury liability per person/$100,000 bodily injury liability per accident/$50,000 property damage liability per accident with a $500 deductible for comprehensive and collision. The driver’s credit tier was changed to obtain rate differences.

The Zebra’s Auto Insurance Awareness Survey presents the findings of an online survey of 1,165 U.S. auto insurance consumers ages 18 and older. The survey was conducted by independent research firm Survata from October 4-5, 2017. The margin of error for a sample of this size is +/-3% at a 95% level of confidence.

The ZebraResource Center