Self-driving cars, once a far-fetched concept reserved for science fiction, are now rapidly becoming a reality. The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety predicts 4.5 million self-driving vehicles on U.S. roads by 2030. The promise of autonomous vehicles lies in their potential to revolutionize transportation, reducing accidents, alleviating traffic congestion and offering enhanced mobility to people with disabilities or limited driving abilities. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration shows in a study of the U.S. annual vehicular fatality rate that 94% of crashes are due to human error.
But how safe are self-driving cars? This article explores the key arguments, challenges and potential solutions that shape the discourse on the safety of autonomous vehicles.