Gender identity and car insurance: what to know

 

While many U.S. states recognize non-binary gender identity on official driver's licenses and IDs, the auto insurance industry has been slower to adapt, continuing to use gender as a rating factor when pricing policies.

Currently, the below states require auto insurance companies to either offer non-binary gender options on insurance applications or require companies to discount gender as a rating factor:

Learn more about the current state of gender-based pricing in the car insurance industry.


How gender is used as an auto insurance rating factor

Gender is one of the primary factors used by car insurance companies to assign premiums.
 
It's worth noting that gender only impacts insurance costs substantially for teen drivers, as young male drivers pay a premium compared to their female counterparts. Once a driver leaves their teen driving years behind, the difference between car insurance rates for women and men is relatively small. Because historical data show young male drivers get into more accidents and file more claims, insurers charge higher premiums to account for the additional risk.

 

CAR INSURANCE RATES FOR MALE AND FEMALE TEENAGE DRIVERS
GenderAvg. 6 Mo. PremiumAvg. Monthly Premium
Female$2,739$457
Male$3,186$531

While a car insurance policy priced without gender taken into consideration might not affect older drivers, the stakes are higher when a young driver is involved.

 
 

 

Why do auto insurance companies use a driver's gender to set their rates?

Insurance companies — especially auto insurers — have specific ways of doing business from which they’re slow to deviate. Insurance companies determine what you will pay going forward — your premium — based on the previous year's historical data. They rely on the past to dictate how they do business in the future.

For an insurance company, it is hard to predict the risk a non-binary individual will present, as opposed to a driver identifying as female or male. It's hard for an insurer to provide a non-binary gender option to their client until a gender-neutral driving risk baseline is established.

 

Ava Lynch LinkedIn

Ava worked in the insurance industry as an agent for four-plus years. Currently providing insights and analysis as one of The Zebra’s resident property insurance experts, Ava has been featured in publications such as U.S. News & World Report, GasBuddy, and Yahoo! Finance.