2019 Distracted Driving Statistics
In March 2019, The Zebra conducted a survey of the driving behaviors and attitudes of 2,000 Americans.
- 37% of respondents aged 18 to 34 said they felt a high degree of pressure to respond to work-related messages while driving, compared to 25% of the national average among all age groups.
- Parents with young children were more likely to be distracted while driving (87%) than were adults with no small children (74%).
- One in three female drivers admitted to taking photos while driving.
Our study also uncovered many variations in distracted driving behavior based on the operating system of the cell phone the driver used.
- 16% of iPhone users said they never get distracted while driving (vs. 23% of Android users and 38% of users of other mobile operating systems).
- iPhone users are more than twice as likely than Android users to video-chat, use Instagram, stream shows on Netflix or Hulu, and take photos and videos while driving.
- 10% of iPhone users admitted watching videos on YouTube while driving, while 4% of Android users admitted to doing the same.
Distracted driving statistics prior to 2019 (2012-2018)
The following data comes from the NHTSA, the NSC & internal reporting from The Zebra.
The phrases “texting while driving” and “distracted driving” may seem interchangeable, but “distracted driving” encompasses much more than checking your cell phone at a stop light. Distracted driving has major ramifications related to traffic safety, violations, and insurance rates.
If you aren't giving your full attention to the road, the cars around you, and the speed limit, you are driving distracted. According to the NHTSA, three types of distracted driving exist:
- Manual: when a driver takes their hands off the wheel to adjust the radio, reach for an item, or pet their dog.
- Visual: when a driver takes their eyes off the road to look at an accident, glance at a text message, or look at their kids in the back seat.
- Cognitive: when a driver takes their mind off the act of driving to daydream, think about a problem at work, or consider their grocery list.
These may seem fairly innocuous, but a lot can happen in an instant.
- According to the American Automobile Association (AAA), 31% of drivers are distracted by their dogs in the car. While 80% of people admitted to driving frequently with their pets, only 17% used a pet restraint, such as a seatbelt or kennel.
- A driver is eight times more likely to be involved in a crash when reaching for an object and three times more likely to crash while eating or drinking.
- Distracted driving — including texting while driving — is the cause of more than 58% of crashes involving teen drivers.
Distracted driving vs. drunk driving — which is more dangerous?
- Loss of life
- Drunk driving claims 29 lives per day, more than 10,000 per year.
- Distracted driving claims 9 lives per day — approximately 3,500 per year.
- Economic impact
- Distracted driving costs society $40 billion a year.
- DUIs cost $44 billion per year.
- Violations by state
- Only 47 states have laws against distracted driving, while 16 have specific laws against texting and driving.
- All 50 states have laws against drunk driving.
- Legal fines
- Drivers can receive a fine of up to $500 for a distracted driving offense.
- Drivers receive a fine of $1,500 for their first DUI.
Distracted driving deaths
How many people die each year due to distracted driving? Roughly, nine people are killed and more than 1,000 injured daily in accidents in which at least one driver was distracted.
- Nearly 4,000 people were killed in crashes involving distracted drivers in 2015.
- Distracted driving was the reported cause of death of 3,450 people in 2016.
- An estimated 391,000 drivers were injured in distracted driving crashes in 2017.
- For comparison, there were 39,773 gun deaths in the United States in 2017.
- In 2019, distracted driving was a reported factor in 8.5% of fatal crashes.
Distracted driving insurance ramifications
How does a distracted driving ticket impact car insurance rates? In 2011, a distracted driving violation raised a driver’s car insurance rates by less than 5%, equating to less than $3 per year in extra premiums. Eight years later, the same violation could raise a driver's insurance rates by $290 annually.
- While most states have passed anti-distracted driving laws to penalize drivers for distracted driving, these insurance rate penalties range from $87 in some states to $762 in others.
- Vermont's auto insurers apply the harshest insurance penalty for distracted driving, with a 56% premium increase (more than $600 per year).
- New York has the most lenient distracted driving penalty; a distracted driving violation increases insurance rates for New York state drivers by just 5%.
- A recent Zendrive study found drivers use their smartphones and hands-free devices during 9 out of every 10 trips, spending 3.5 minutes of every driving hour on the phone.
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