North Dakota Car Insurance Laws

Why you can trust The Zebra

The Zebra partners with some of the companies we write about. However, our content is written and reviewed by an independent team of editors and licensed agents. Reference our data methodology and learn more about how we make money.

Author profile picture

Ross Martin

Insurance Writer

  • 4+ years in the Insurance Industry

Ross joined The Zebra as a writer and researcher in 2019. He specializes in writing insurance content to help shoppers make informed decisions.

Ross h…

Author profile picture

Beth Swanson

SEO Content Strategist

  • Licensed Insurance Agent — Property and Casualty

Beth joined The Zebra in 2022 as an Associate Content Strategist. She is a licensed insurance agent whose goal is to make insurance content easy to r…

Auto insurance requirements in North Dakota

North Dakota law requires that all drivers must carry car insurance. This insurance coverage is not only for your protection but also for the protection of others on the roads. The state also requires you to carry proof of insurance, which must be shown to law enforcement officials at their request. Keep reading to find out more about the car insurance requirements in North Dakota.

Minimum liability coverage: 25/50/25 Uninsured/Underinsured Motorist Coverage: 25/50 Personal Injury Protection (PIP)
$25,000 for bodily injury per person $25,000 for bodily injury per person $30,000 per person
$50,000 for bodily injury per accident $50,000 for bodily injury per accident
$25,000 for property damage per accident

It’s important to remember that if you finance or lease a vehicle, your lienholder or leasing company could require physical damage coverage — sometimes referred to as full coverage — as a part of your agreement. 

Liability insurance coverage in North Dakota

Liability coverage is legally required in North Dakota and pays for bodily injury, lost wages, pain and suffering, and property damage that you inflict on another driver or their passengers in an at-fault accident. It’s important to remember that your liability coverage never pays for your injuries or property damage.

Uninsured/underinsured motorist insurance in North Dakota

Uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage is legally required in North Dakota and pays for injuries and lost wages that you or your passengers suffer if you are in an accident with an uninsured/underinsured driver who is at fault.

Personal Injury Protection (PIP) requirements in North Dakota

Personal injury protection provides coverage for medical costs that you and your passengers incur in an accident. This coverage can be applied regardless of who is at fault. PIP will cover medical expenses such as hospital bills, rehabilitation costs, and even lost wages resulting from an accident. In North Dakota, minimum PIP coverage of $30,000 per person is required on your policy, but higher coverage amounts are available with most companies.

What are North Dakota's state-mandated car insurance limits?

Limits refer to the maximum amount that your car insurance company will pay in the event of a claim. States can set the minimum amount of coverage drivers must carry. For liability coverage, this limit is split into three categories. North Dakota’s liability limits are listed as 25/50/25 and explained below:

  • $25,000 bodily injury coverage per person. This is the maximum dollar amount your insurer will pay for a single person that you injure in an at-fault accident.
  • $50,000 bodily injury coverage per accident. This is the limit of what your insurance company will pay for all injuries that you cause in an accident if more than one person is hurt.
  • $25,000 property damage per accident is the maximum dollar amount that your insurer will pay for property damage that you cause in an accident.

Uninsured/underinsured motorist coverages are listed in a similar fashion to liability limits, though most states don’t require you to carry the property damage portion. In North Dakota, the minimum limit for uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage is listed as 25/50 and explained below:

  • $25,000 bodily injury coverage per person is the total amount that will be paid for a single person injured in your vehicle by an uninsured/underinsured driver.
  • $50,000 bodily injury coverage per accident is the maximum dollar amount that will be paid for all injuries in your vehicle by an uninsured/underinsured driver if more than one person is hurt.[1]

Do North Dakota’s required car insurance minimums provide adequate coverage?

North Dakota’s car insurance requirements are fairly robust compared to many states. However, their liability requirements are still lower than what many experts would suggest. For example, $25,000 for bodily injury could be exhausted quite quickly with even moderate injuries, as medical expenses can be surprisingly costly. If you injure more than one person on one of North Dakota’s icy roads, these limits may not cover the damages, leaving you exposed to risk.

As a way of further protecting yourself, most insurance experts recommend setting your liability coverage to at least 50/100/50. If you have more significant assets — such as a house — you may consider going even higher on these limits to keep yourself protected.

North Dakota’s penalties for driving without proof of insurance

Driving with car insurance in North Dakota is a serious offense.[2] If you are found to be driving uninsured in North Dakota, you can expect the following penalties:

1st offense Subsequent offenses (within one year)
A fine between $150 to $1,000 A fine between $300 and $5,000
License suspension (and $50 reinstatement fee) License suspension (and $50 reinstatement fee)
Mandatory SR-22 for one year Up to 30 days in jail
Mandatory SR-22

Car insurance options in North Dakota

Alongside North Dakota's required car insurance coverages, most insurers offer further coverage options that can add even more protection. Have a look at some of the more common coverages below.

  • Comprehensive: Comprehensive coverage is a form of physical damage insurance that protects your vehicle against non-collision damages (though it does cover collisions with animals).
  • Collision: Collision insurance covers your vehicle in situations where you collide with another car or fixed object.
  • Gap coverage: If you are leasing or financing your vehicle, gap coverage could be a smart option. Because automobiles depreciate in value so quickly, this coverage pays the difference in the actual cash value of your vehicle and what you still owe on the loan. It’s a great way of protecting yourself from owing more than your vehicle is worth.
  • Rental car reimbursement: If your car is rendered undrivable because of a covered incident, this coverage goes toward paying for a rental car until your vehicle can be fixed.
  • Roadside assistance: If your car breaks down on the highway, this coverage helps with covering costs related to towing, battery charges, or a number of other expenses.

Why it's important to adhere to North Dakota’s car insurance requirements

Not only is carrying sufficient car insurance a legal requirement, but it’s also a smart way to protect yourself and your assets. North Dakota requires more types of car insurance coverage than many states, but it’s always a good idea to explore further coverage options to keep yourself better protected. If the price of these additional coverages concerns you, it might be time to start shopping around for a new policy. The Zebra can help you compare free car insurance quotes from a number of top carriers to help you find the best coverage at the most affordable rates.

Protect your car with the right coverage at the best value.

Location pin icon
No junk mail. No spam calls. Free quotes.

About The Zebra

The Zebra is not an insurance company. We publish data-backed, expert-reviewed resources to help consumers make more informed insurance decisions.

  • The Zebra’s insurance content is written and reviewed for accuracy by licensed insurance agents.
  • The Zebra’s insurance editorial content is not subject to review or alteration by insurance companies or partners.
  • The Zebra’s editorial team operates independently of the company’s partnerships and commercialization interests, publishing unbiased information for consumer benefit.
  • The auto insurance rates published on The Zebra’s pages are based on a comprehensive analysis of car insurance pricing data, evaluating more than 83 million insurance rates from across the United States.