Personal injury protection (PIP) covers medical expenses for you and your passengers after an accident.


What is PIP Insurance? 

Personal Injury Protection (PIP) coverage is the portion of a car insurance policy that provides medical expenses and work loss coverage for you and your passengers after a car accident, regardless of fault. PIP coverage is often a requirement in "No-Fault" states, as it covers your injuries, no matter who caused the accident.

You should consider PIP if:

  • State law requires it
  • You commonly drive with passengers in your vehicle who could hold you responsible for their medical expenses if they were injured in an accident.
  • You don’t have a great health insurance plan. Comprehensive health insurance coverage renders PIP or medical car insurance less necessary. If in doubt, check with your healthcare provider.

What does PIP cover?

Personal injury protection insurance is a “no-fault” coverage. Meaning even if you are determined to be at fault in an auto accident, medical expenses (such as medical and surgical treatment, ambulance fees, and medication) for you and your passengers will be covered up to the policy’s limit. It replaces the standard bodily injury liability portion of your insurance policy. PIP can also be used to recover lost wages and rehabilitation services.

PIP insurance covers:

  • Medical bills
  • Surgical fees
  • Ambulance fees
  • Wost wages
  • Rehabilitation services


PIP defined: how much does it cover?

PIP benefits and coverage will vary depending on the state in which you reside. For instance, in Florida, PIP insurance will typically cover 80% of medical bills and 60% of lost wages, up to $10,000. In other states, PIP coverage levels can be much higher or much lower. It's important to be aware of how much PIP insurance you need. Ask an insurance agent or your insurance company for specifics.

If you live in Michigan, however, your PIP limits are actually unlimited. This is one of the main reasons why car insurance is so expensive in Michigan.

StateAvg PIP Premium6-Month Premium
New Jersey$169$714
North Dakota$45$695
New York$129$695


Personal injury Protection in Kansas (PIP)
  • $4,500 medical expense per person
  • $900 per month income loss for one year
  • $25 per day at-home services
  • $4,500 rehabilitation expense per person
  • $2,000 funeral expense per person



What does PIP not cover?

Because PIP offers no coverage for any physical damage to your vehicle, you wouldn’t have any coverage after an at-fault accident.

PIP does not cover:

  • Property damage liability insurance: The damages you cause to other people’s property (including their vehicles)
  • Collision coverage: The damage to your vehicle after an at-fault accident
    Comprehensive coverage: The damage to your vehicle caused after a non-collision related incident
  • Uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage: this coverage can be applied to your property or bodily injury projection. While you can still purchase uninsured property damage coverage (which protects your vehicle if the at-fault party does not insurance or not enough insurance), PIP provides the coverage necessary for uninsured bodily injury coverage.

In which states is PIP insurance required?

Twelve states require some level of personal injury protection (PIP) coverage: Florida, Hawaii, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, and Utah.

states requiring no-fault car insurance


How much does PIP cost?

The cost of PIP insurance depends on factors such as coverage level, age, type of vehicle, your insurance company, and location. The data below is reflective of a 30-year-old male driver with no accident, good credit, and the owner of a 2016 Honda Civic. Start shopping for your own auto insurance with us! We don't collect your phone number so it's impossible for us to spam you.



Additional Articles:


Ava Lynch LinkedIn

Ava worked in the insurance industry as an agent for four-plus years. Currently providing insights and analysis as one of The Zebra’s resident property insurance experts, Ava has been featured in publications such as U.S. News & World Report, GasBuddy, and Yahoo! Finance.

Share on:

Recent Questions:

Does car insurance cover my passengers?

In the state of Maryland, drivers are required to carry at least $2,500 in PIP coverage, as well as $30,000 per person and $60,000 per accident worth of uninsured motorist coverage in addition to liability. So, if you were hit by another driver and someone in your vehicle suffered injury, the other driver's liability coverage would pay for the injuries suffered inside your vehicle.

Can I sue my boyfriend's insurance for medical coverage?

Sorry to hear that you were hurt. If you are on the insurance policy you can file a claim under the Personal Injury Protection (PIP) coverage.

Will PIP pay for my medical bills?

Yes, personal injury protection (PIP) should cover any injuries resulting from an accident regardless of whether or not it was a single-vehicle accident. I would file a claim as soon as possible.

PIP claims are keeping me from getting car insurance

It's hard to give advice for this outside of look at as many companies as possible. Because of the nature of risk associated with customers with PIP claims, car insurance companies either won't write you a policy or will charge you a very high premium.

More Insurance Guides