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What is PIP Insurance? 

Personal Injury Protection (PIP) coverage is the portion of a car insurance policy that provides medical expenses and work loss coverage for you and your passengers after a car accident, regardless of fault. PIP coverage is often a requirement in "No-Fault" states, as it covers your injuries, no matter who caused the accident.

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You should purchase PIP coverage if:
  • State law requires it.
  • You commonly drive with passengers in your vehicle who could hold you responsible for their medical expenses if they were injured in an accident.
  • You don’t have a great health insurance plan. A robust health insurance plan makes high PIP limits less necessary. If in doubt, check with your healthcare provider.

What does PIP cover?

Personal injury protection insurance is a “no-fault” coverage that covers the cost of injuries to you and your passengers. PIP is intended to reduce the likelihood of lawsuits after a collision. Even if you are at fault in an auto accident, medical expenses — medical and surgical treatment, ambulance fees and medication — for you and your passengers will be covered up to the policy’s limit.

Personal injury protection coverage replaces the standard bodily injury liability portion of an insurance policy. PIP can also be used to recover lost wages, rehabilitation services and more.

PIP insurance covers:

  • Medical bills
  • Surgical fees
  • Ambulance fees
  • Lost wages
  • Rehabilitation services
  • Funeral expenses
  • Death benefit
  • Essential services (lawn care, etc...)
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PIP coverage limits

PIP benefits and coverage vary depending on the location of the insurance policy. In Florida, PIP insurance will typically cover 80% of medical bills and 60% of lost wages, up to $10,000. In other states, PIP coverage levels can be much higher or much lower.

Drivers in Michigan, however, have much higher PIP limits. This is one of the main reasons car insurance is expensive in Michigan.


Average PIP insurance costs

The cost of PIP insurance depends on factors such as coverage level, age, type of vehicle, your insurance company, and location. The data below is reflective of a 30-year-old male driver with no accident, good credit, and the owner of a 2016 Honda Civic.

State Avg PIP Premium 6-Month Premium
Florida $198 $920
Hawaii $51 $481
Kansas $33 $801
Kentucky $97 $1,028
Massachusetts $39 $646
Michigan $628 $1,503
New Jersey $169 $714
North Dakota $45 $695
Minnesota $104 $643
New York $129 $695

 

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What PIP doesn't cover

Because PIP does not provide coverage for physical damage to the insured driver's vehicle, it does not provide coverage after an at-fault accident.

Find below a list of other exclusions. 

PIP does not cover:

  • Property damage liability insurance: Damages the insured causes to another person's property (including vehicle damages).
  • Collision coverage: The damage to the insured's vehicle in an at-fault accident.
    Comprehensive coverage: The damage to the insured's vehicle caused in a non-collision incident.
  • Uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage: This coverage can be applied to property or bodily injury protection. While it's possible to purchase uninsured property damage coverage to protect a vehicle if the at-fault party does not have insurance, PIP provides the coverage necessary for uninsured bodily injury coverage.
  • Expenses beyond the policy's coverage limits.

States in which PIP insurance is required

While 21 states offer some level of personal injury protection (PIP) coverage, only 13 states require it:

 

PIP requirements by state

Find below the required amounts of PIP coverage in various U.S. states. 

PIP Coverage in Delaware Zebra Shield
PIP coverage in Delaware

Limit: $15,000 per person

Delaware PIP insurance will cover up to $15,000 for any single person's injuries and will pay a total of $30,000 per accident. This coverage also includes up to $5,000 for funeral expenses.

Personal injury Protection in Florida
PIP coverage in Florida

Limit: $10,000 per person

PIP coverage in Florida covers 80% of your medical and disability expenses up to $10,000. It will also pay up to $5,000 in death benefits in certain circumstances. 

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PIP coverage in Kansas

Limit: varies

PIP coverage in Kansas covers the following:

  • $4,500 medical expense per person
  • $900 per month income loss for one year
  • $25 per day at-home services
  • $4,500 rehabilitation expense per person
  • $2,000 funeral expense per person
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PIP coverage in Massachusetts

Limit: $8,000 per person/per accident

Massachusetts personal injury protection is the primary payer for the first $2,000 in medical expenses. Afterward, the driver's personal healthcare coverage kicks in with PIP coverage acting as the secondary payer. 

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PIP coverage in Michigan

Limit: varies

Michigan recently enacted laws changing their PIP requirements in an effort to bring down car insurance rates. PIP coverage is still required (in almost all cases), but is now available in the following amounts:

  • Unlimited PIP coverage 
  • $500,000
  • $250,000
  • $50,000 (lowest option available for Medicaid recipients)
  • Opt-out (only drivers with a qualifying health insurance plan that covers car accident injuries)
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PIP coverage in Minnesota

Limits: $40,000 per person/per accident

Minnesota personal injury coverage limits are higher than in most states. The $40,000 limit breaks down as such:

  • $20,000 for hospital/medical expenses 
  • $20,000 for non-medical expenses
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PIP coverage in New Jersey

Limit: $15,000 PIP coverage per person

New Jersey personal injury protection covers up to $15,000 in medical expenses per accident. Further add-ons to PIP coverage include:

  • Income continuation
  • Essential services (house cleaning, lawn care, etc...)
  • Death benefit
  • Funeral expenses
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PIP coverage in New York

Limit: $50,000 per person

New York PIP coverage also includes a $2,000 death benefit in addition to the $50,000 in coverage for medical expenses. 

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PIP coverage in North Dakota

Limit: $30,000 per person

In addition to medical expenses, North Dakota personal injury protection also covers lost wages and funeral expenses. 

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PIP coverage in Oregon

Limit: $15,000 per person

Additionally, Oregon PIP insurance covers loss of wages up to $3,000 per month, essential services, childcare, and a death benefit of up to $5,000.

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PIP coverage in Pennsylvania

Limits: $5,000 per person

Those injured may sue the at-fault driver, but the injuries suffered must be severe. 

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PIP coverage in Utah

Limit: $3,000

Those injured may sue the at-fault driver in cases of severe injury or if medical expenses are in excess of $3,000. Further benefits include:

  • Lost wages coverage (Up to 85% or $250/week)
  • Essential services
  • $1,500 for funeral expenses
  • $3,000 death benefit

States where PIP coverage is optional

The following states offer personal injury protection, but it is not required of all drivers. This coverage must often be waived in writing. 

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Recent Questions:

If two people are in an accident in a no fault state, who pays?

In Florida, you are required to have what's called personal injury protection (PIP). This coverage kicks in if you are injured in an accident.
May 27, 2019 Spuds, FL

Do I need PIP?

First of all, thank you for your service! It sounds like you have outstanding health insurance for yourself, and potentially your family as well. It may not be necessary in your current situation to carry PIP, but here are a few reasons why it may make sense to add it to your policy: Your health coverage has a high deductible - PIP coverage on Texas auto policies does not have a deductible so, if you are injured in an accident that is your fault, this coverage kicks in immediately.
Jun 23, 2016 San Antonio, TX

How does being rear ended affect your car insurance in a no-fault state?

Because of the way Utah's no-fault car insurance works, every driver is required to file a claim with their own insurance company after an accident, regardless of who was at fault. This is typically covered by your Personal Injury Protection coverage.
Apr 16, 2018 Salt Lake City, Utah

If I have an open claim on a totaled car, how do I handle the insurance?

There's a couple of things to think about. First, canceling the coverage on this vehicle will not cancel the claim.
Jan 17, 2019 El Paso, TX

Ava Lynch
Ava LynchSenior Analyst

Ava worked in the insurance industry as an agent for four-plus years.

Ava currently provides insights and data analysis as one of The Zebra's property and casualty insurance experts. Her work has been featured in publications such as U.S. News & World Report, GasBuddy, Car and Driver, and Yahoo! Finance.

About The Zebra

The Zebra is not an insurance company. We publish data-backed, expert-reviewed resources to help consumers make more informed insurance decisions.

  • The Zebra’s insurance content is written and reviewed for accuracy by licensed insurance agents.

  • The Zebra’s insurance content is not subject to review or alteration by insurance companies or partners.

  • The Zebra’s editorial team operates independently of the company’s partnerships and commercialization interests, publishing unbiased information for consumer benefit.

  • The auto insurance rates published on The Zebra’s pages are based on a comprehensive analysis of car insurance pricing data, evaluating more than 83 million insurance rates from across the United States.